Medicinal cannabis Treatments
"The Lowdown on Terpenes, Cannabinoids, and Their Benefits"
Medical cannabis is not just like any other plant that contains one beneficial compound. The cannabis plant contains thousands of beneficial compounds, and each strain has its own amount of these compounds offering certain value to the human body. Some compounds found in cannabis include cannabinoids and terpenes.
"Terpenes in Cannabis"
Terpenes aren’t only indigenous to cannabis, but are the aromatic compounds found in many plants. They are, however, well associated with cannabis due to the plant’s high concentration of them. If you’ve ever smelled a cannabis plant, you’d know that it has a very peculiar and characteristic smell for which it is often identified. Though terpenes account for the aroma of plants, they may also offer health benefits to humans.
What are Terpenes?
Terpenes are the compounds that determine the smell of plants and herbs, which is where the cannabis plant gets its smell from. These terpenes are often extracted from plants to create flavors and aromas of household products.
"The Lowdown on Terpenes, Cannabinoids, and Their Benefits"
They sure do! While it greatly depends on the concentration of the terpene itself and how we consume it, research has widely indicated that the compound does have beneficial effects on the body. In fact, some studies suggest that these benefits could potentially serve as alternative medicine or therapies.
The Types of Terpenes and Their Benefits
Limonene is one of the most common terpenes and is generally characterized by its scent. This terpene is also responsible for the scent of citrus fruits. Regarding its benefits for the human body, studies suggest that it actually modulates the way in which certain immune cells behave, and can also elevate moods while relieving stress. This means that it may protect us from certain disorders while positively affecting our mood.
Other than the flowers of the cannabis plant, this type of terpene is also commonly found in hops, thyme, lemongrass, bay leaves, citrus, and mango. It acts as a powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory, and studies suggest that it may help protect the brain from oxidative damage. There are also scientific indications of its effectiveness in protecting the heart tissue. Some therapeutic properties of this terpene include:
Humelene is one of the main elements found in hops, and it’s also found in ginger, cloves, and coriander. Some studies have shown that this terpene has the potential to prevent allergies, more specifically in the airways. This might make it a viable natural treatment for airway allergies, such as asthma. Other studies have also indicated humelene’s potential protective effect in cells.Some therapeutic properties of this terpene include:
Linalool is most commonly found in lavender, laurel, birch, and rosewood. Its rich scent is one of the main reasons for its use in aromatherapy for its calming effect. Regarding its effects in the cannabis plant, studies have shown that the component may have an extensive list of benefits for the human body.Some therapeutic properties of this terpene include:
Beyond cannabis, this terpene is found in several herbs and vegetables, including pepper, cloves, hops, basil, and oregano. Some studies suggest that the component could reduce pain levels, which is linked to its anti-inflammatory properties.Some therapeutic properties of this terpene include:
Pinene is one of the most common terpenes in the natural world and is most commonly found in pine needles. Though this compound offers a welcoming aroma, it may also be beneficial for pain, inflammation, and anxiety.Some potential therapeutic properties of this terpene include:
Borneol has a woody, camphor-like aroma and derives from a member of the teak family of trees called dryobalanops aromatica. Borneol is used in traditional Asian medicine as a topical anti-inflammatory and pain reliever. Some potential therapeutic properties of this terpene include:
Ocimene is responsible for the sweet flavors in certain cannabis strains. In some cases, it might also give off citrusy and woody undertones as well. It is often used in certain perfumes for its sweet aroma. Though research into the terpene is still underway, there are an array of potential benefits to note.Some potential therapeutic properties of this terpene include:
Nerolidol is most commonly found in plants like jasmine, lemongrass, ginger, tea tree, lavender, and neroli. Though it has a strong woody aroma, it also presents a citrusy undertone. Nerolidol is known to provide sedative and relaxing effects, which makes it the ideal terpene for aiding sleep.Some potential therapeutic properties of this terpene include:
Terpinolene is believed to be one of the least common terpenes. This compound plays an important role in the taste and smell of the cannabis strain. Where other terpenes have distinct scents, terpinolene’s aroma combines a variety of aromas, including pine, floral, herbaceous, and often a hint of citrus as well. Some potential therapeutic properties of this terpene include:
Eucalyptol offers a strong, cooling menthol scent, which is why it is predominantly used in various cough drops, mouthwashes, massage balms, and more. Eucalyptol offers a wide variety of benefits for the human body, which is why it’s so widely cultivated beyond cannabis. Some potential therapeutic properties of this terpene include:
Another lesser-known terpene, Bisabolol forms part of a plant’s natural defense against disease and pests. The compound offers a nutty, fruity scent, which is often missed seeing as the compound mostly only exists in small quantities. Though only present in slight amounts, there are certainly crucial effects to note about Bisabolol. Some potential therapeutic properties of this terpene include:
Valencene is another strain offering a sweet, citrussy scent. It’s commonly found in Valencia oranges, grapefruits, mangos, nectarines, etc. Various studies have already been performed that suggest valencene’s health and medicinal benefits. Some potential therapeutic properties of this terpene include:
As its name suggests, camphene is most commonly found in camphor oil and has a rich, earthy and woody scent. The compound is also found in other oils, including citronella, sage, ginger, neroli, and valerian. Camphene is often used as a food additive and fragrance component in skincare. Some potential therapeutic properties of this terpene include:
Phytol an acyclic diterpene alcohol found in small quantities in cannabis. Though it offers a faint scent, a keen nose would describe its aroma as slightly floral. A 2014 study revealed anxiolytic properties of Phytol on mice. Some potential therapeutic properties of this terpene include:
Delta 3 Carene
Apart from cannabis, Delta 3 Carene can be found in plants like basil, bell pepper, rosemary, cedar, and pine trees. This compound usually dries out excess bodily fluids, such as tears, mucus, sweat, and more. Delta 3 Carene offers excellent psychological and physical benefits. Some potential therapeutic properties of this terpene include:
Though not as abundant in cannabis as other terpenes, geraniol is another citrusy terpene found in plants such as lemongrass, lemons, roses, peaches, and more. Just like any other terpene found in cannabis, geraniol offers a variety of potential health benefits to the human body. Some potential therapeutic properties of this terpene include:
There are over 100 types of terpenes found in nature, and over 60 found in the cannabis plant alone. These terpenes, whether present in small or large quantities, play a significant role in the health benefits offered by the cannabis plant.
"Cannabinoids in Cannabis"
CBD has become quite the popular abbreviation in the world in recent years, but few people understand what they are, why they are beneficial, or how they benefit us. Over the past few years, people have become familiar with all types of CBD products, including candy, coffee beans, skincare products, and beyond. But what is this beneficial compound?
There are at least 113 different cannabinoids, but there are a few overarching categories to note.